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Gertrude Elizabeth Margaret Anscombe (1919-2001)

1919      

(18 March) Born to Gertrude Elizabeth Anscombe and Allen Wells Anscombe in Limerick, Ireland

1937     

Graduates from Sydenham High School. From there, she goes on to St. Hugh’s College, Oxford where she studies Classics and Philosophy. She graduates in 1941 with first-class honours

1939

Publication: ‘The Justice of the Present War Examined. A criticism based on traditional Catholic principles and on natural reason’ (pamphlet). With Norman Daniel

1941

Married philosopher Peter Geach, with whom she has seven children

1942

Becomes a Research Student at Newnham College, Cambridge

1946     

Accepts Research Fellowship at Somerville College, Oxford

1948

Publication: ‘A Reply to Mr. C. S. Lewis’s Argument that Naturalism is Self-Refuting,’ The Socratic Digest, 4

1950

Publication: ‘The Reality of the Past’ in Max Black (ed.), Philosophical Analysis: A Collection of Essays(New York: Cornell University Press).

1953

Publication: ‘Note on the English Version of Wittgenstein’s Philosophiche Untersuchungen,’ Mind, 62(248), 521-2

Publication: ‘Symposium: The Principle of Individuation’ (with Jan Lukasiewicz and Karl Popper). Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society, Supplementary Volume, 27, pp. 69-120

Publication: Philosophical Investigations, by Ludwig Wittgenstein (edited & translated by GEM Anscombe (Oxford: Blackwell)

1954      

Publication: Descartes: Philosophical Writings, translated and edited with Peter Geach (London: Nelson)

Publication: ‘Misinformation: What Wittgenstein Really Said,’The Tablet

1956     

Publication: Wittgenstein, Remarks on the Foundation of Mathematics,translated and edited with G. H. von Wright and Rush Rhees (Oxford: Blackwell)

Publication: ‘Mr Truman’s Degree’ (pamphlet)

Publication: ‘Aristotle and the Sea Battle: De Interpretatione, Chapter IX,’ Mind, 65 (257), pp. 1-15

Publication: ‘Analysis Competition—Tenth “Problem,”’ Analysis, 16(6)

1957       

Publication: Intention(Oxford: Blackwell)

Publication: ‘Intention,’ Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society, 57(1), pp. 321-32

Talk: ‘Does Oxford Moral Philosophy Corrupt the Youth?’ The Listener

Publication: ‘Report on Analysis ‘Problem’ No. 10,’ Analysis, 17(3), pp. 49-52

Publication: ‘Names of Words. A Reply to Dr. Whiteley,’ Analysis, 18(1), pp.17-9

1958      

Publication: ‘Symposium: Pretending’ (with J. L. Austin), Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volumes, 32, pp. 261-94

Publication: ‘Modern Moral Philosophy,’ Philosophy, 33(124)

Publication: ‘On Brute Facts,’ Analysis, 18(3), pp. 69-72

1959

Publication: An Introduction to Wittgenstein’s Tractatus(London: Hutchinson University Library Press)

Publication: ‘Mr. Copi on Objects, Properties and Relations in the Tractatus,’ Mind, 68(271), p. 404

1961      

Publication: Wittgenstein, Notebooks 1914-1916. Translated and edited with G. H. von Wright (Oxford: Blackwell)

Publication: Three Philosophers. With Peter Geach (Oxford: Blackwell)

Publication: ‘War and Murder’ in Walter Stein (ed.), Nuclear Weapons: A Catholic Response(London)

Publication: Plato: The Sophist & The Statesman. Edited with Raymond Klibansky. (London: Nelson)

1962

Publication: ‘Authority in Morals’ in J. M. Todd (ed), Problems of Authority(London: Darton, Longman & Todd)

Publication: ‘On Sensations of Position,’ Analysis, 22(3), pp. 55-8.

1963

Publication: ‘A critical note of Semantic Analysis, by Paul Ziff’, Mind, 72(286), pp. 288-93

Publication: ‘Two Kinds of Error in Action’, The Journal of Philosophy, 60(14), pp. 393-401

1964

Appointed a teaching Fellowship at Somerville College

Publication: ‘Before and After,’ The Philosophical Review, 73(1), pp. 3-24

Publication: ‘Substance’ (with J. Körner), Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume, 38(1), pp. 69-90.

1965      

Publication: ‘Thought and Action in Aristotle. What is Practical Truth?’ in Renford Bambrough (ed), New Essays on Plato and Aristotle(London: Routledge and Kegan Paul)

Publication: ‘The Intentionality of Sensation. A Grammatical Feature’ in R. J. Butler (ed), Analytical Philosophy – Second Series(Oxford: Blackwell)

Publication: ‘Contraception and Natural Law,’ New Blackfriars, 46(540), pp. 517-21

Publication: ‘Retractation,’ Analysis, 26(2), pp. 33-6

1966      

Publication: ‘A Note on Mr. Bennett,’ Analysis, 26(6), p. 208

Publication: ‘The New Theory of Forms,’ The Monist, 50(3), pp. 403-20

1967      

Became a Fellow of the British Academy.

Publication: Wittgenstein, Zettel. Translated and edited with G. H. von Wright (Oxford: Blackwell)

Publication: ‘Who is Wronged? Philippa Foot on “Double Effect”: One Point,’ The Oxford Review, 5, pp. 16-7

Publication: ‘On the Grammar of ‘Enjoy’,’ The Journal of Philosophy, 64 (19), pp. 607-14

1968      

Publication: ‘You Can have Sex without Children: Christianity and the New Offer’ in L. K. Shook (ed), Renewal of Religious Structures: Proceedings of the Canadian Centenary Theological Congress(Toronto)

1969      

Publication: Wittgenstein, On Certainty. Translated with Denis Paul and edited with G. H. von Wright (Oxford: Blackwell).

Publication: ‘On Promising and its Justice, and Whether it Need be Respected in Foro Interno,’ Critica, 3(7/8), pp. 61-83

Publication: ‘Parmenides, Mystery and Contradiction,’ Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society, 69, pp. 125-32

Publication: ‘Causality and Extensionality,’ The Journal of Philosophy, 66(6), pp. 152-9

1970

Moves to Cambridge University, as Chair of Philosophy. She remains there until her retirement in 1986

1971       

Publication: Causality and Determination. An Inaugural Lecture(Cambridge: Cambridge University Press)

1972      

Publication: ‘Contraception and Chastity,’ The Human World

Publication: ‘On the Nature of Justice in a Trial’ (with J. Feldman), Analysis, 33(2), pp. 33-6

1973      

Publication: ‘Hume and Julius Caesar,’ Analysis, 34(1), pp. 1-7

1974

Publication: ‘Comment on Professor R. L. Gregory’s Paper’ in S. C. Brown (ed), Philosophy of Psychology(London: Macmillan)

Publication: ‘Memory, “Experience” and Causation’ in H. D. Lewis (ed.), Contemporary British Philosophy: Personal Statements Fourth Series(London: Allen and Unwin).

Publication: ‘Times, Beginnings and Causes,’ Proceedings of the British Academy, 60

Publication: ‘Transubstantiation’ (pamphlet) for the Catholic Truth Society(London)

Publication: ‘Comment’ in Stephan Körner (ed), Practical Reason(Oxford: Blackwell)

Publication: ‘“Whatever Has a Beginning of Existence Must Have a Cause”: Hume’s Argument Exposed,’ Analysis, 34(5), pp. 145-51

1975      

Publication: ‘The First Person’ in Samuel Guttenplan (ed.), Mind and Language: Wolfson College Lectures 1974(Oxford: Clarendon Press)

Publication: ‘Subjunctive Conditionals,’ Ruch Filozoficzny, 33

1976      

Publication: ‘Soft Determinism’ in Gilbert Ryle (ed), Contemporary Aspects of Philosophy(London: Oriel Press)

Publication: ‘The Question of Linguistic Idealism’ in J. Hintikka (ed.), Essays on Wittgenstein in Honour of G.H. von Wright(Acta Philosophica Fennica)

Publication: ‘The Subjectivity of Sensation,’ Ajatus(Yearbook of the Philosophical Society of Finland), 36

Publication: ‘On the Hatred of God,’ Theology, 79, pp. 131-2

Publication: ‘On Frustration of the Majority by Fulfilment of the Majority’s Will,’ Analysis, 36 (4), pp. 161-8

1978      

Publication: ‘On the Source of the Authority of the State,’ Ratio, 20 (1), pp.1-28

Publication: ‘Will and Emotion,’ Grazer Philosophische Studien, 5, pp. 139-48

Publication: ‘Rules, Rights, and Promises,’ Midwest Studies in Philosophy, 3(1), pp. 318-23

1979      

Elected a Foreign Honorary Member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences.

Publication: ‘Chisholm on Action,’ Grazer Philosophische Studien, 7/8, pp. 205-13

Publication: ‘What is it to Believe Someone’ in C. F. Delaney (ed.), Rationality and Religious Belief(Notre Dame: University of Notre Dame Press)

Publication: ‘On Humanae Vitae’ in J. N. Santamaria and J. J. Billings (eds), Human Love and Human Life.Papers on Humanae Vitae and the Ovulation Method of Natural Family Planning from the International Conference, University of Melbourne, 1978 (Melbourne: Polding Press)

Publication: ‘Understanding Proofs: Meno, 85d9-86c2, Continued,’Philosophy, 54(208), pp. 149-58

Publication: ‘Under a Description,’ Noûs, 13(2), pp. 219-33

Publication: ‘Prolegomenon to a Pursuit of the Definition of Murder: The Illegal and the Unlawful,’ Dialectics and Humanism, 6(4), pp. 73-7

Publication: Review of J. Teichman, The Meaning of Illegitimacy, The Philosophical Quarterly, 29(117), pp. 375-6

1981       

Publication: From Parmenides to Wittgenstein: The Collected Philosophical Papers of G.E.M. Anscombe: Volume One(Oxford: Blackwell)

Publication: Metaphysics and the Philosophy of Mind. The Collected Philosophical Papers of G.E.M. Anscombe: Volume Two(Oxford: Blackwell)

Publication: Ethics, Religion and Politics. The Collected Philosophical Papers of G.E.M. Anscombe: Volume Three (Oxford: Blackwell)

Publication: ‘A Theory of Language’ in Irving Block (ed.), Perspectives on the Philosophy of Wittgenstein(Massachusetts: MIT Press)

Publication: ‘Commentary 2’ [on ‘Ethical problems in the management of some severely handicapped children,’ by John Harris], Journal of Medical Ethics, 7(3), pp. 122-3

1982     

Publication: ‘Medalist’s Address: Action, Intention and “Double Effect”’, Proceedings of the American Catholic Philosophical Association, 56, pp. 12-25

Publication: ‘On the Notion of Immaterial Substance’ in M. L. O’Hara (ed.), Substance and Things: Aristotle’s Doctrine of Physical Substance in Recent Essays(Washington, D.C: University Press of America)

Publication: ‘Opening Address’ and ‘On Private Ostensive Definitions’ in W. Leinfellner, E. Kraemer and J. Schank (eds), Language and Ontology: Proceedings of the 6th Inter­national Wittgenstein Symposium(Vienna: Hölder-Pichler-Tempsky)

Publication: ‘Morality’ in C. Marneau (ed.), Pro Ecclesia et Pontifice, pp.16-18

Publication: Review of Gareth B. Matthews, Philosophy and the Young Child. In Philosophy and Phenomenological Research, 43(2), pp. 265-7

1983      

Publication: ‘The Causation of Action’ in Carl Ginet and Sydney Shoemaker (eds), Knowledge and Mind: Philosophical Essays(Oxford University Press)

Publication: ‘Sins of Omission? The Non-Treatment of Controls in Clinical Trials’ (with Michael Lockwood), Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society, Supplementary Volume, 57, pp. 207-27

1984      

Publication: ‘Some Reminiscences of Wittgenstein from Littlewood’s Papers per Dame Mary Cartwright,’ The Cambridge Review

1985      

Publication: ‘Has Mankind One Soul … An Angel Distributed through Many Bodies?’  (Milwaukee: Marquette University Press).

Publication: ‘Were You a Zygote?’ in A. Phillips Griffiths (ed.), Philosophy and Practice(Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement) (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press)

Publication: ‘Paganism, Superstition and Philosophy,’ The Thoreau Quarterly, 17

Publication: ‘Why Anselm’s Proof in the Proslogion is not an Ontological Argument?’ The Thoreau Quarterly, 17

Publication: Review of Saul Kripke, Wittgenstein on Rules and Private Language. In Ethics, 95(2), pp. 342-52

Publication: ‘Aquinas Lecture 1984: Truth: Anselm or Thomas?’New Blackfriars, 66(776), pp. 82-97

1986      

Publication: ‘Knowledge and Reverence for Human Life’ in Russell Hittinger (ed), Linking the Human Life Issues(Chicago: Regnery Books)

Publication: ‘Gradualness in a Law, and a Law of Gradualness,’ Anthropos, 2

1987       

Publication: ‘Descartes and Anselm’ in Essays on Philosophy and Logic: Proceedings of the XXXth Conference on the History of Logic, Dedicated to Roman Suszko

1988

Publication: ‘The Presidential Address: Existence and Truth,’Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society,88, pp. 1-12

1989      

Publication: ‘The Simplicity of the Tractatus,’ Critica, 21

Publication: ‘von Wright on Practical Inference’ in Paul Arthur Schilpp and Lewis Edwin Hahn (ed), The Philosophy of Georg Henrik von Wright (Open Court)

Publication: ‘Why Have Children?’ Proceedings of the American Catholic Philosophical Association, 63, pp. 48-53

1990      

Publication: ‘Truth, Sense and Assertion, or: What Plato should have told the Sophists’ in Ewa Zarnecka-Bialy (ed.), Logic Counts(Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic Publishers), pp. 43-6

Publication: ‘A Comment on Coughlan’s “Using People”’, Bioethics, 4(1), p. 62

1991      

Publication: ‘On a Queer Pattern of Argument’ in H. A. Lewis (ed.), Peter Geach: Philosophical Encounters(Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic Publishers)

Publication: ‘Wittgenstein, Whose Philosopher?’ in A. P. Griffiths (ed.) Wittgenstein: Centenary Essays. Royal Institute of Philosophy Philosophy Supplement, 28 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press)

1992      

Publication: Reviews of Ruth Chadwick,Ethics, Reproduction and Genetic Control; and Michael Coughlan,The Vatican, the Law and the Human Embryo. In The Philosophical Quarterly, 42(166), pp. 126-9

1993      

Publication: ‘On Wisdom,’ Acta Philosophica, 2 (1), pp. 127-33

Publication: ‘Causality and Determination’ in. Ernest Sosa and Michael Tooley (eds), Causation(Oxford: Oxford University Press)

Publication: ‘Knowledge and Essence’ in Josep-Maria Terricabras (ed.), A Wittgenstein Symposium, Girona, 1989, (Amsterdam: Rodopi)

Publication: ‘The Origin of Plato’s Theory of Forms’ in Robert W. Sharples (ed), Modern Thinkers and Ancient Thinkers. The Stanley Victor Keeling Memorial Lectures at University College, London, 1981-1991(London: UCL Press)

Publication: ‘Russelm or Anselm?’ The Philosophical Quarterly, 43(173), pp. 500-4

1994      

Publication: Review of P. F. Strawson, Analysis and Metaphysics. In The Philosophical Quarterly, 44(177), pp. 528-30

1995

Publication: ‘Cambridge Philosophers II: Ludwig Wittgenstein,’ Philosophy, 70(273), pp. 395-407

1999      

Publication: ‘Practical Truth,’ Logos: A Journal of Catholic Thought and Culture, 2(3), pp. 68-76

2000      

Publication: ‘Making True’ in Roger Teichmann (ed), Logic, Cause and Action: Essays in Honour of Elizabeth Anscombe. Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement(Cambridge: Cambridge University Press), pp. 1-8

Publication: ‘Grammar, Structure and Essence,’ Arete, 12(2), pp. 113-20

Publication: ‘Whatever has a beginning of existence must have a cause’ in Brian Davies (ed), Philosophy of Religion: A Guide and Anthology(Oxford: Oxford University Press)

2001      

(5 January) Died, in Cambridge.

 

 

Sarah Lewin (31/10/16)

 

 

 

My name is Sarah Lewin. Last year, during my final year of study for a BA in Philosophy at Durham, I was fortunate enough to begin working on the In Parenthesis project, as a Research Associate. My fundamental task was to compile comprehensive timelines for each of the women studied by the project: Mary Midgley, Philippa Foot, Elizabeth Anscombe, Iris Murdoch and Mary Warnock. These timelines aimed to chronicle all the significant life events and philosophical publications of the women, as well as any details of their interactions with one another. As straightforward as this task initially sounded, compiling the timelines proved to be much more challenging than anticipated. Each of the women were incredibly prolific, with Mary Midgley in particular producing 4-5 philosophical essays and reviews each month, from the early 1970’s, until present. The other four women had similarly staggering bibliographies to contend with, and many hours were spent consolidating this information into cohesive chronologies. Ultimately, I wanted to make the timelines as accurate as possible, and spent a great deal of time tracing each publication back to its original source, in order to ensure that all the bibliographical information presented in my work was correct. Despite being challenging, it was an absolute pleasure to have the opportunity to research these incredible women, and to gain an insight into both their personal, and academic lives. Perhaps the greatest pleasure of all was hearing that Mary Midgley herself had read my chronicle of her life and works, and was able to add a few personal details that were not available through any amount of research. This additional input from Midgley ensures that her completed timeline offers a significantly comprehensive biographical account, and I am confident that the other four timelines are similarly illuminating, and accurate. Above all, the opportunity to do my own research for the In Parenthesis project has really confirmed to me that philosophy is something I would love to continue pursuing. This year I will be returning to Durham to do an MA in philosophy, and my work on the project has undoubtedly been a great factor in the success of my application. I’ve also been very fortunate to receive a scholarship from Durham University to help cover the tuition fees, and again, I am grateful to the In Parenthesis project for putting me in such a strong position for this award.