The history of 20th century philosophy is still being written.

Elizabeth Anscombe, Philippa Foot, Mary Midgley and Iris Murdoch should be at the centre of that story.

Explore these pages to find out about the contribution of this remarkable group of women, who met at Oxford University during World War II.

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‘Rings and Books’ by Mary Midgley

Midgley wrote this essay in the mid-1950s for BBC radio. In her memoir The Owl of Minerva, she recalls: “I wrote it because I had suddenly been struck by the fact that nearly all the famous philosophers whose lives we know about were lifelong bachelors...

Iris Murdoch lifeline

Iris Murdoch was born in Dublin in 1919 and studied Classics at Sommerville College, Oxford (1937-42). During the war, she worked for the treasury in London and lived with Philippa Food. Afterwards she went to Austria for UNRRA,...

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